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Emergency & Health

Welcome to the Emergency & health page. Below is an example of a 119 emergency call. Remember to speak slowly when you tell them your name and address. Click on the English to link to a video of the phrase.
Emergencies (Call 119)
English Romaji Japanese
This is the Fire Department. Is this a fire or an emergency call? Shobosho desu. Kaji desu ka? Kyukyu desu ka? 消防署です。火事ですか?救急ですか?
This is an emergency. Help. Kyukyu desu. 救急です。
What’s wrong? Doushimashitaka? どうしましたか?
I have injured myself. Kega o shimashita. 怪我をしました。
I have burnt myself. Yakedo o shimashita. 火傷をしました。
A family member has collapsed. AKazoku ga taoremashita. 家族が倒れました。
They are not responding. Ishiki ga arimasen. 意識がありません。
It is a car accident. kotsujiko ni arimashita. こつ事故にありました。
What is your address? Nani-ku, nani-cho, nan-ban, nan-go desuka? 何区、何丁、何番、何互ですか?
My address is (insert your address). xx-ku, xx-chome, xx-ban, xx gou, xxx biru. xx区、xx丁目、xx番、xx号、xxビル。
What is your phone number? Denwa bango wa? 電話番後は?
My phone number is xxx-xxxx-xxxx. xxx-xxxx-xxxx desu. xxx-xxxx-xxxxです。
Emergencies
Call a doctor! Isha o yonde kudasai! 医者を呼んでください
Call the police! Keisatsu o yonde kudasa! 警察を呼んでください!
Help! Tasukete! 助けて!
Watch out! Ki o tsukete! 気をつけて
Health Problems
How do you feel? Kibun wa ikaga desuka? 気分はいかがですか?
I’m allergic to antibiotics / penicillin. Kousei busshitsu / penishirin ni arerugii ga arimasu. 抗生物質 / ペニシリンにアレルギーあります。
I’m having trouble breathing. Iki ga kurushii. 息が苦しい
I can’t bend my leg or (arm). Ashi (te) ga magerarenai. 足(手)が曲げられない。
I can’t stop coughing. Seki ga tomaranai. 咳が止まらない。
I don’t feel well. Kibun ga warui desu. 気分が悪いです。
I don’t feel well, so I won’t go to work. Kibun ga warui (desu) kara, shigoto o yasumimasu. 気分が悪い(です)から、仕事を休みます。
I feel dizzy. Memai ga suru. めまいがする。
I feel like vomiting. Haki sou desu. 吐きそうです。
I feel pressure in my chest. Mune ga kurushii. 胸が苦しい。
I have asthma. Watashi wa zensoku-mochi desu. 私は喘息もちです。
I feel lethargic. Karada ga darui. 体がだるい。
I have a cough. Seki ga demasu. 咳が出ます。
I have a fever. Netsu ga ari masu. 熱があります。
I have a headache. Atama ga itai. 頭が痛い。
I have diarrhea. Geri shite iru. 下痢している。
I have a runny nose. Hanamizu ga demasu. 鼻水が出ます。
I have a stomachache. Onaka ga itai desu. お腹が痛いです。
I have a toothache. Ha ga itamimasu. 歯が痛みます。
I have no appetite. Shokuyoku ga ari masen. 食欲がありますん。
I think I have a cold. Kaze o hiita you desu. 風邪を引いたようです。
I need a doctor. O-isha san ni mite moraitai desu. お医者さんに見てもらいたいです。
It hurts here. Koko ga itai desu. ここが痛いです。
My eye is irritated. Me ga chika chika suru. 目がちからかする。
My nose is stuffed up. Hana ga tsumaru. 鼻が詰まる
My shoulders feel stiff. Kata ga haru. 肩が張る。
Where’s the pharmacy? Sumimasen. Yakkyoku wa doko desuka? すみません。薬局 はどこですか?

 

Forms of medication
English Romaji Japanese
capsule kapuseru カプセル
cream kuriimu クリーム
ear drops tenji yaku 点耳薬
eye drops tengan 点眼
eye ointment gannankou 眼軟膏
gargle medicine ugaigusuri うがい薬
inhalant kyuunyuuzai 吸入剤
injection chusha 注射
nose drop tenbiyaku 点鼻薬
ointment or cream nankou 軟膏
pill ganyaku 丸薬
powder funmatsu 粉末
powder sanzai 散在
rectal suppository zayaku 座薬
sublingual tablet zekkajou 舌下錠
syrup shiroppu シロップ
tablet jouzai 錠剤
troche torouchi トローチ
vaginal suppository chitsu zayaku 膣座薬

 

Reading instructions on the medical packet
English Romaji Japanese
dosage youryou 用療
directions youhou 用法
adult seijin / otona 成人・大人
solution you eki 溶液
water mizu
every goto
2 times a day ichi nichi nikai 一日二回
3 times a day ichi nichi sankai 一日三回
4 times a day ichi nichi yonkai 一日四回
3 times a day every 8 hours ichi nichi sankai hachikikan goto 一日三回8時間
every hour ichi jikan goto 1時間毎
every other day kaku jitsu 隔日
has necessary hitsuyou ni oujiru 必要に応じる
before meals shoku zen 食前
after meals shoku go 食後
hours after the last meal shokkan 食間
at bedtime minji 眠時
a half hanbun 半分
by mouth keikouteki 経口的
as instructed by the doctor ishi no shiji douri 医師の指示通り

 

Hospital Vocabulary
English Romaji Japanese
Antibiotics Kousei busshitsu 抗生物質
Bladder Boukou 膀胱
Cause Genin 原因
Character Change Seikaku Henka
Consciousness Ishiki 意識
Consult a Doctor Miru 診る
Contagious Sesshoku 接触
Cough Seki o suru せきをする
Diagnosis Shindan 診断
Diarrhea Geri 下痢
Dizzy Memai めまい
Ear ringing Miminari 耳鳴り
Feel sick Mukatsuku むかつく
Fever Hatsu Netsu 発熱
Immune system Meneki shisutemu 免疫システム
Influenza Infuruenza インフルエンザ
Learning difficulties Oboe shougai 覚え障害
Morning sickness Tsuwari つわり
Muscle Kinniku きんにく
Numb Shibire しびれ
Pain Feeling Itami kan 痛み感じ
Refer Examine Shiraberu 調べる
Results Kekka 結果
Sanity Shouki しょうき
Seizure Keirin hossa けいりんほっさ
Sickness Byouki 病気
Sight Difficulty Shiryoku shougai 視力障害
Slur one words Roretsu 呂律
Sweat Hakkan 発刊
Suffer Kurushimu 苦しむ
Temperature Taion 体温
Thermometer Taionkei 体温計
Test Kensa 検査
Virus Uirusu ウイルス
Vomit Outo 嘔吐
Urine Oshikko 尿
Urination difficulty Hainyou shougai 排尿障害
Japanese Medical Departments
Cardiovascular medicine Junkankika 循環器科
Dentistry Shika 歯科
Dermatology Hifuka 皮膚科
Ear, nose and throat Jibi-inkoka. 耳鼻咽喉科
Gastroenterology Shoukakika 消化器科
General Medicine Department Sougoushin ryouka 総合診療科
Internal medicine Naika 内科
Neurology Shinkeika 神経科
Obsterics & Gynecology San-fujinka 産婦人科
Ophthalmology Ganka 眼科
Orthopedics Seikeigeka 整形外科
Pediatrics Shonika 小児科
Psychiatry Seishinka 精神科
Surgery Geka 外科

 

Hospital Names
English Romaji Japanese
Clinic iin 医院
Clinic kurinikku クリニック
Clinic shinroujo 診療所
General Hospital sougou byouin 総合病院
Hospital byouin 病院
National Hospitals kokuritsu byouin 国立病院
University Hospital daigaku byouin 大学病院

 

Health Care Personnel
English Romaji Japanese
Assistant Nurses junkangofu 准看護婦
Midwives josanpu 助産婦
Occupational Therapists sagyouryouhoushi 作業療法士
Optometrists kengansha 検眼者
Pharmacists yakuzaishi 薬剤師
Physical Therapists rigakuryouhoushi 理学療法士
Physicians ishi 医師
Professional Nurses seikangofu 正看護婦
Public Health Nurses hokenfu 保健婦
Speech Therapists gengoryouhoushi 言語療法士
Vision Therapists shinoukunrenshi 視能訓練士

 

Head
English Romaji Japanese
cheek hoho
chin ago
eye me
eyebrow mayu
eyelash matsuge 睫毛
face kao
forehead odeko
gums haguki 歯茎
ear mimi
head atama
hair kami 髪(の毛)
lips kuchibiru
mouth kuchi
neck kubi
nose hana
teeth ha
throat nodo
tongue shita
Limbs
ankle ashikubi 足首
arm ude
body karadadou 体胴
elbow hiji
finger yubi
foot, feet ashi
hand te
heel kakato
lap, knee hiza
leg ashi
nail (finger or toe) tsume
thumb oyayubi 親指
toes ashinoyubi
ashiyubi
足の指
足指
Organs
bladder boukou 膀胱
blood chi / ketsueki 血 / 血液
bone hone
brain nou
heart shinzou 心臓
intestines chou
kidney jinzou 腎臓
liver kanzou 肝臓
muscle kinniku 筋肉
skin hada / hifu 肌/皮膚
Torso
buttocks oshiri / shiri お尻 *尻
back senaka 背中
chest, breast mune
hips, waist, lower back koshi
navel, bellybutton heso
shoulder kata
stomach onaka
hara
お腹 / 腹

 

Important Medical Web Links & Phone Numbers
Information about medical institutions as well as about the medical and health insurance system in Japan are provided by our staff who speak foreign languages.

http://www.himawari.metro.tokyo.jp/qq/qq13enmnlt.asp

Tokyo Metropolitan Health and Medical Information Center (Tokyo-to Hoken Iryo Joho Center)
Open daily:9:00AM-8:00PM
Languages: English/Chinese/Korean/Thai/Spanish
TEL:03-5285-8181
Emergency Translation Services (For medical purposes only)
Interpretation service through phone is also available for foreign patients visiting a hospital if their treatment is not going to be carried out smoothly because of language difficulty.
Open weekdays 5:00PM-8:00PM Weekends and Holidays: 9:00AM-8:00PM
Languages: English/Chinese/Korean/Thai/Spanish
TEL:03-5285-8185

 

DEALING WITH THE POLICE IN JAPAN

The police in Japan are well trained in dealing with people and are less intrusive than our north american counter-parts. Nevertheless, If you have done something wrong and didn’t realize it you can usually play the gaijin card (foreigner) to get out of the sticky situation.

However, if you find yourself in serious trouble never explain yourself in Japanese. Always use English and demand that they contact the embassy and get you a lawyer.

*Note – You can legally be incarcerated for 23 days before you are charged; however, you can see a lawyer after 48 hours of detention. If you sign a confession you will be convicted.

 

Dealing with Authority
English Romaji Japanese
I haven’t done anything (wrong). Nani mo warui koto shitemasen. 何も悪いことしてません。
It was a misunderstanding. Gokai deshita. 誤解でした。
Where are you taking me? Doko e tsurete yukuno desuka? どこへ連れて行くのですか?
Am I under arrest? Watashi wa taiho sareteruno desuka? 私は逮捕されてるのですか?
I am a citizen of ____. ____ no kokumin desu. ____ の国民です。
I want to meet with the ____ embassy. ____ taishikan to awasete kudasai. ____ 大使館と会わせて下さい。
I want to meet with a lawyer. Bengoshi to awasete kudasai. 弁護士と会わせて下さい。
Can it be settled with a fine? (Use caution with this statement.) Bakkin de sumimasuka? 罰金で済みますか?