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Active, Passive, Potential

Welcome to the Japanese conjugation & Active, Causative, Causative Passive, Passive & Potential page. Click on the English to link to a video of the phrase.
Conjugated Forms
conjugation doushi no katsuyou henka 動詞の活用変化
intransitive verb jidoushi 自動詞 消える – to go out – flame
transitive verb tadoushi 他動詞 消す – to put out – fire
potential verb kanoudoushi 可能動詞 飲める – able to drink
stative verb joutaidoushi 状態動詞
causative form shiekikei 使役形 させる
passive form ukemikei 受け身形 される
imperative form meireikei 命令形 来い、しろ、食べろ、飲め
Active, Causative, Causative Passive, Passive & Potential
Term English Romaji Japanese
Active sentence I paid the bill. Watashi wa daikin o haraimashita. 私は代金を払いました。
Causative passive I was forced to pay the bill. Watashi wa daikin o harawaseraremashita / harawasaremashita. 私は代金を払わせられました。
Causative sentence My friends made me pay the bill. Tomodachi wa watashi ni daikin o harawasemashita. 友達は私に代金を払わせました。
Passive Sentence The bill was paid. Daikin wa harawaremashita. 代金は払われました。
Potential sentence I can pay the bill. Watashi wa daikin o haraemasu. 私は代金を払えます。
Because
Because using de Because I was working late last night I got very tired. Kinou no yoru, shigoto de, totemo tsukaremashita. 昨日の夜仕事で、とても疲れました。
Because using kara (a) Because many people will probably come, I bought lots of food. Hito ga takusan kuru darou kara, tabemono o takusan katte 人がたくさん来るだろうから、食べ物のをたくさん買っておいた。
Because using kara (b) Please come tomorrow because I’m busy today. Kyou wa isogashii desu kara, ashita kite kudasai. 今日は忙しいですから、明日来て下さい。
Because using nazenara Because, (I’m) really hungry! . Nazenara hara ga hetta kara. なぜなら腹が減ったから。
Because using node Because I drank a lot of sake I got sleepy. Osake o takusan nonda node, nemuku narimashita. お酒をたくさん飲んだので、眠くなりました。